[Phys-seminars] 2017-05-01 Particles and Fields Seminar
guendel
guendel at bgu.ac.il
Sun Apr 23 11:27:45 IDT 2017
Particles and Fields Seminar
DATE: 01-05-17
TIME: 14:00
PLACE: Physics building (#54) room 207
TITLE:
Cosmology in Conformal Dilatonic Gravity
SPEAKER:
Dr. Meir Shimon, Tel Aviv University
ABSTRACT/COMMENTS:
Gravitation is described in the context of a dilatonic theory that is conformally related to general relativity. All dimensionless ratios of fundamental dimensional quantities, e.g. particle masses and the Planck mass, as well as the relative strengths of the fundamental interactions, are fixed constants. An interplay between the positive energy density associated with relativistic matter (and possibly with negative spatial curvature) and the negative energy associated with dynamical dilaton phase results in a non-singular, flat cosmological model with no horizon, and -- as a direct consequence of absence of phase transitions in the early universe -- with no production of topological defects. The (logarithmic) time-derivativeof the field modulus is degenerate with the Hubble function, and all cosmological epochs of the standard model are unchanged except at the very early universe. We demonstrate that both linear order perturbation theory and the spherical collapse model are
equivalent to those in the standard model, up to modifications caused by the phase of the (complex) scalar field and its perturbations. Consequently, our alternative theory automatically passes the main classical cosmological tests. Quantum excitations of the phase of the scalar field generate a slightly red-tilted spectrum of adiabatic and gaussian scalar perturbations on the largest scales. However, this framework does not provide a similar mechanism for producing primordial gravitational waves on these scales. A spherically symmetric vacuum solution that approximately describes the exterior of gravitationally bound systems (e.g., stars and galaxies) by a modified Schwarzschild-de Sitter metric, augmented with an additional linear potential term, could possibly explain galactic rotation curves and strong gravitational lensing with no recourse to dark matter.
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